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Melody harmonization with the right hand in pop and jazz songs

In this chapter I explain how to harmonize a melody of a pop, blues or jazz song. In jazz songs the harmonization follows the same concepts, but you can use more dissonances (ninth, sixth, seventh). With these techniques you can play any passage in a satisfactory way: also introducing the techniques for the left hand explained in the other pages succeeded in getting from the piano an orchestral sound.
With the left hand you play a bass line or an arpeggio, essentially based on the fundamental note of the chord, instead you put in prominence the melody with the right hand sustained by the chord that harmonizes the notes of the melody itself.
You put in prominence the rhythmic both with the left both with the right hand but you always remember to emphasize ( to stress) the upbeats.


piano harmonization technique

General rules to harmonize the melody with the right hand

The rules I propose are:

Here are examples of harmonization for each chord type

Harmonization of the melody with the various types of chord

Transpose this harmonization for every chord and harmonize all the notes of a major or minor key (example C major or E minor) with the chords of that key.

Harmonization with the major seventh chord

major piano chords
Play under each melodic note (top-note) the right inversion

Harmonize a melody with dominant seventh chord

dominant chords
Omit the note under the melody when it is very near the top note.

Ho to harmonize top notes with minor seventh chord

minor piano chords
Do not double the notes of the chord.

Half diminished chord harmonization

half diminished

Play these chords in all keys

Melody harmonization with diminished seventh chord

diminished piano chords

These exercises are the important both to perform both for improvising at the piano.
Practice to harmonize all the songs you want to the piano. I assure you that with this technique the sonorities of the piano express the maximum one. Brahms often repeated that if you play three notes (an chord) in the middle-up register of the piano, an orchestral ,very incisive, powerful, harmonic and pleasant sound results. The piano is the harmonic instrument for excellence and therefore these techniques of harmonization are fundamental for a pianist.

Example of harmonization of a melody

piano harmonization

The notes of the melody are in red. In this example I have written a simple arpeggio accompaniment with the left hand. As you can notice some notes are not harmonized.
 
Here is finally another example (to add, be patient!) in which all notes of the melody are harmonized. Also in this case the left hand plays a simple arpeggio of the chord.

I conclude saying that Bill Evans has been insuperable on this technique. He succeeded in harmonizing the melodies of the themes or improvisation with sophisticated chords and in a continuous way: it played together three or four notes like the average of the pianists plays one note at a time. You can listen the result from his masterpieces that punctually make me feel deep emotions...